The relationship of self-concept, parenting practices, and mental health with academic achievement in children with cleft lip and/or palate
Author(s): Danivia Lopez Garcia (Mexico City) and Ana Elisa Espinoza Leal (Tijuana, Mexico)
Objective: To analyze patient self-concept, mental health, and parental practices of children with cleft lip and/or palate and their relationship with academic achievement.
Methods: A sample of 100 Mexican parents (86 mothers and 14 fathers) and 100 children (61 boys and 39 girls) were assessed. All patients had a history of surgically corrected cleft lip and/or palate and were between 8 and 12 years old. Questionnaires were provided to evaluate self-concept, parenting practices, and verbal comprehension.
Conclusions: In this research, 63.5% of children report normal levels of self-concept. Eight percent reported low self-concept related to their intellectual levels and academic achievement. No one reported difficulties in academic achievement resulting from challenges to mental health. These results emphasize the need to develop other studies in Mexico that will identify, confirm, and characterize the difficulties present in the development of the children with CLP to support them with multidisciplinary management.